Federal Republic of
Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is a federation of 16
and one of the world's leading industrialized countries, located in the
middle of the European Union. Germany is bordered to the north by the
Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea, to its east by Poland and the Czech
to the south by Austria and Switzerland and to its west by France,
Belgium and the Netherlands.
Germany is over 80 million, primarily German residents and about 7
foreign residents, the largest single nationality group of whom are
Germany has been a prime destination for refugees from many developing
countries, in part because its constitution long had a clause giving a
'right' to political asylum, but restrictions over the years have made
it less attractive.
one of the world's
highest levels of education, technological development, and economic
Germany is a broadly middle class society with a per capita income
of about $25,000. A generous social welfare system provides for
health care, unemployment compensation, and other social needs. Germans
also are very mobile; millions travel abroad each year.
unification on October
3, 1990, Germany began the major task of bringing the standard of
of Germans in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) up to that of
western Germany. This will be a lengthy and difficult process due to
relative inefficiency of industrial enterprises in the former GDR,
in resolving property ownership in eastern Germany, and the inadequate
infrastructure and environmental damage that resulted from decades of
rule. Since reunification, hundreds of thousands of former East Germans
have migrated into western Germany to find work.
in Germany is
sometimes unpredictable. In the middle of summer it could be warm and
one day and then cold and rainy the next. However truly extreme weather
conditions, like severe droughts, tornados, destructive hailstorms,
frost or heat etc. are all extremely rare. There have been two bad
floodings in the last few years, but in the long term those are also
rare. Damaging earthquakes are unheard-of.
the world's cultural heritage are numerous, and the country is often
as das Land der Dichter und Denker (The Land of Poets and Thinkers).
was the birthplace of composers such as Beethoven, Bach, Brahms,
and Wagner; poets such as Goethe and Schiller as well as Heine;
including Kant, Hegel, Marx and Nietzsche, theologians like Luther and
Bonhoeffer, authors including Hermann Hesse and Grass; scientists
Einstein, Born, Planck, Heisenberg, Hertz and Bunsen; and engineers
as Otto, Daimler, Benz, Diesel and Linde. There are also numerous fine
artists from Germany such as the Renaissance artist Max Ernst, the
Franz Marc, the conceptual artist Joseph Beuys or the neo expressionist
Germany - Cologne
(German: Köln) is Germany's fourth-largest city (after Berlin,
Hamburg and Munich), and is the largest city both in the German Federal
State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan
one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million
Germany - Tourism in Germany has improved since the end of
War II and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of
history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities
both a modern and classical feel.
Germany - Now in its sixth edition, Daytrips Germany has
long been a favorite
guidebook for adventurous travelers who prefer to make their own tours.
Each of the 60 one-day adventures is complete with a do-it-yourself
walking tour, a map, full travel directions, time and weather
considerations, restaurant suggestions, background information, and
concise descriptions of all worthwhile sights.
Survival Guide This
information-packed mini-course concentrates on preparing readers
to travel in Germany and Austria in a limited time by focusing on what
is most useful or interesting to travelers and cutting out unnecessary
vocabulary and grammar.