Rolls & Bunns
Any regular bread recipe can be
made up in other forms, such as
rolls, and bunns. These different forms of bunns or rolls may be made
from any of
the bread recipes just by adding to the mixture butter, oil or
shortening, sugar, eggs,
fruit, nuts, spices, flavoring, or anything else desirable. Since these
things in any quantity prolong the rising of the sponge or dough, they
should be added after it has risen at least once.
Rolls, buns, and
biscuits may be made in various sizes and shapes. To
them, the dough may be rolled thin and then cut with cutters, or the
pieces used for them may be pinched or cut from the dough and shaped
with the hands.
After they are shaped, they should be allowed to rise
until they double in bulk. To give them a glazed appearance, the
of each may be brushed before baking with milk, with white of egg and
water, or with sugar and water. Butter is also desirable for this
purpose, as it produces a crust that is more tender and less likely to
Rolls, buns, or biscuits may be baked in an oven that has a
higher temperature than that required for bread in the form of loaves
and only 15 to 20 minutes is needed for
baking them. If such forms of bread are desired with a crust covering
the entire surface, they must be placed far enough apart so that the
edges will not touch when they are baking.
|It is not known where or
from the work of whom that spiced buns first came into being. However,
it is likely that they evolved congruently throughout bakeries in
Europe in the 17th - 18th century, a time when most exotic spices
become more commonly available.
The hot cross bun is probably the most well-known manifestation of the
spiced bun, and a great tradition has grown up around it in England.
Hot cross buns are traditionally baked on Easter Friday, although they
can often be purchased at other times of year.
A hot cross bun is a type
of sweet spiced bun made with currants and leavened with yeast. It has
a cross on the top which might be made in a variety of ways: it could
be pastry, made from a simple flour and water mixture, cut from rice
paper and glazed onto the bun, or simply cut into the bun itself.
In many historically Christian countries, the buns are traditionally
eaten on Good Friday, with the cross standing as a symbol of Christ.
They actually pre-date Christianity, however, being used in rituals in
paganism. The Christian church in England attempted to ban them, but
they were too popular, and instead Elizabeth I passed a law permitting
their consumption, but only on particular religious occasions such as
Easter and Christmas.