Owing to the fact that it is grown in all parts of the world and forms the basis for a large amount of the food of most people, wheat is a very important grain.

Wheat  was probably a native grass of Fertile Crescent, a region in Western Asia incorporating the Levant and Mesopotamia, and often incorrectly extended to Egypt.

From the land of its origin, the use of wheat spread over all the world, but it was not introduced into America until after the discovery of this country by Columbus.

Wheat is universally used for bread, because it contains a large amount of the kind of protein that lends a rubbery consistency to dough and thus makes possible the incorporation of the gas or air required to make bread light. The use of wheat, however, is by no means restricted to bread, for, as is well known, many cereal foods are prepared from this grain. Raw wheat can be powdered into flour; germinated and dried creating malt; crushed or cut into cracked wheat; parboiled (or steamed), dried, crushed and de-branned into bulgur; or processed into semolina, pasta, or roux. Wheat is a major ingredient in such foods as bread, porridge, crackers, biscuits, muesli, pancakes, pies, pastries, cakes, cookies, muffins, rolls, doughnuts, gravy, boza (a fermented beverage), and breakfast cereals (e.g. Wheatena, Cream of Wheat, Shredded Wheat, and Wheaties).

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Did You Know?
The region of the Fertile Crescent broadly corresponds to present-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine, Jordan, southeastern fringe of Turkey and western fringe of Iran. The term "Fertile Crescent" was coined by University of Chicago archaeologist James Henry Breasted in his "Ancient Records of Egypt", around 1900. The region was named so due to its rich soil and crescent shape. It has been suggested that the biblical 'Garden of Eden' was situated in this region.

Mesopotamia is considered the cradle of civilization and saw the development of the earliest human civilizations and is the birthplace of writing and the wheel.

Wheat has been cultivated domestically at least since 9,000 B.C. and probably earlier. Domesticated Einkorn wheat at Nevali Cori 40 miles northwest of Gobekli Tepe in Turkey has been dated to 9,000 B.C.

However evidence for the exploitation of wild barley has been dated to 23,000 B.C. and some say this is also true of pre-domesticated wheat.