Romwell Health Pages


Our pages are created to provide medically accurate information that is intended to complement, not replace or substitute in any way the services of your physician. Any application of the recommendations set forth in the following pages is at the reader's discretion and sole risk. Before undergoing medical treatment, you should consult with your doctor, who can best assess your individual needs, symptoms and treatment. 

First Aid Chart - Part 2

Choking
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Wounds & Bleeding
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BURNS & SCALDS
The size, location and depth determine how serious a burn is and whether the person's life is in danger. Burns on infants and the elderly are always serious.

What to do:

- Immerse the burn area in cold water to relievepain;

- Cover the burn with dry, sterile dressings (no ointments) and bandage lightly;

- Monitor breathing when the burns are around the face;

- Transport to medical aid.

Eye Injuries

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CPR
Cardiopulmanory resuscitation, or CPR, is a lifesaving emergency techique that is performed when the heart stops beating. The goal is to maintain the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain and other vital organs. Brain damage starts within 4 to 6 minutes after the heartbeat and breathing stop, and death generally occurs in 10 to 12 minutes.

Assessing the victim

1. Determine whether the victim has a pulse or is breathing. Try to rouse the person by shaking gently or speaking loudly. If there is no response, feel for a pulse in the wrist or neck. Also check for breathing. Gently lift the chin and tilt the head back a little. This opens a blocked airway. Then look for chest movement, listen for breath sounds, or feel for air being exhaled from the nose or mouth. If these signs are absent, breathing has stopped.

Other check points

Quickly look for signs of bleeding or a head or neck injury. Check the eyes to see if the pupils are dilated. Look for poisoning or drug overdose.

Call for help

If someone else is available, have them call EMS (Emergency Medical Service) by dialing 911. ,If you are alone and near a phone, make the call yourself. Be sure to give the exact location and stress that the person has no pulse. Do not hang up until the dispatcher has all the information needed to send help.

After calling for help, prepare to begin CPR by positioning the victim on his/her back on a hard and flat surface. Try to stay as calm as posible.

Start CPR: AIRWAY

Remember the critical ABCs of CPR: Airway, Breathing, and Circulation.

Open the airway by gently lifting the chin. This maneuver moves the tongue out of the airway and may prompt the victim to start breathing on its own.

BREATHING

Use one hand to pinch the victim's nostrils shut and the other to support the chin. Use mouth-to-mouth breathing to deliver 2 slow breaths. Continue delivering 10 to 12 breaths per minute. Watch the victim's chest to make sure it rises and falls. If the chest doesn't move check for an obstructed airway and try to clear it.

CIRCULATION

Find the bottom of the breast bone (the sternal notch) and measure 2 finger widths above it. The little finger of the bottom hand should be positioned over that spot.

Place the second hand atop the other, and compress the chest 1½ to 2 inches.

With both hands in position establish a steady rhythm by counting one-and-two-and... with each compression. Compres the chest 80 to 100 times a minute.

If you are doing the CPR alone, do 15 chest compressions, then 2 mouth-to-mouth inhalations, and back to 15 chest compressions. After 4 cycles, check for a pulse or breathing, until help arrives.

If a second person is available, have that person deliver one mouth-to-mouth breath for every 5 chest compressions.