| <>Measures to
prevent bites from
mosquitoes, ticks, fleas and other insects and arthropods
the possibility of being bitten by insects or arthropods that
can transmit diseases (vector-borne), such as malaria, dengue, and
tickborne encephalitis (TBE), you should:
Use an insect
repellent on exposed skin to repel mosquitoes, ticks, fleas and other
EPA-registered repellents include products containing DEET
(N,N-diethylmetatoluamide) and picaridin (KBR 3023).
concentrations of 30% to 50% are effective for several hours.
Picaridin, available at 7% and 15 % concentrations, needs more frequent
- DEET formulations as high as 50% are
for both adults and children over 2 months of age. Protect infants less
than 2 months of age by using a carrier draped with mosquito netting
with an elastic edge for a tight fit.
- When using sunscreen,
apply sunscreen first and then repellent. Repellent should be washed
off at the end of the day before going to bed.
long-sleeved shirts which should be tucked in, long pants, and hats to
cover exposed skin. When you visit areas with ticks and fleas, wear
boots, not sandals, and tuck pants into socks.
- Inspect your
body and clothing for ticks during outdoor activity and at the end of
the day. Wear light-colored or white clothing so ticks can be more
easily seen. Removing ticks right away can prevent some infections.
permethrin-containing (e.g., Permanone) or other insect repellents to
clothing, shoes, tents, mosquito nets, and other gear for greater
protection. Permethrin is not labeled for use directly on skin. Most
repellent is generally removed from clothing and gear by a single
washing, but permethrin-treated clothing is effective for up to 5
- Be aware that mosquitoes that
transmit malaria are most active during twilight periods (dawn and dusk
or in the evening).
in air-conditioned or well-screened housing, and/ or sleep under an
insecticide treated bed net. Bed nets should be tucked under mattresses
and can be sprayed with a repellent if not already treated with an
- Daytime biters include mosquitoes
that transmit dengue and chikungunya viruses and sand flies that
Division of Global Migration and Quarantine
National Center for Preparedness, Detection, and Control of Infectious
- "For decades doctors have relied on
the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention's 'Yellow Book' to tell travelers things like which malaria
pill to take for that trip to Mozambique. Now the CDC is letting
everyone in on the fun. For the first time, the book, properly known as
Health Information for International Travel,
is available to the
public. This more user-friendly edition may prove helpful both to
primary-care doctors and to travelers themselves. Included are
up-to-date recommendations on vaccines and advice on avoiding travel
hazards from earthquakes to dog bites." - U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT
Travel Guides: The Frugal Shunpikers Guides
A series of E-book guides for RV travel on a budget. After 9 years of
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