Cathedral on Kaptol is the most
famous and the tallest building in Zagreb, Croatian capital city. The
Cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary
and St. Stephen and its Neo-Gothic bell towers (104 and 105
can be seen from many locations in the city and are prominent part of
the city's identity. Cathedral is also the tallest building in
The building of the first Romanesque cathedral,
on same location, started in the 11th century (1093), although the
building was destroyed
during the invasion of the Tatars in 1242. The current structure was
built in the later half of
the 13th Century, although many alterations and renovations have been
made since that time, changing the structure almost completely.
At the end of the
15th century, the Ottoman Empire invaded Bosnia and
Croatia, triggering the construction of fortification walls around the
Cathedral. Some of these fortifications are still intact. In the 17th
century, a fortified renaissance watchtower was erected on
the south side, and was used as a military observation point, because
of the Ottoman threat.
In 1880, the cathedral was severely damaged
in an earthquake. The main nave collapsed and the tower was damaged
beyond repair. The restoration of the cathedral in the Neo-Gothic style
was made by Hermann Bollé,
bringing the cathedral to its present form.
In the Zagreb
Cathedral Treasury, dating from the founding of the Zagreb Bishopric,
invaluable treasures are stored.
The Cathedral is
depicted on the reverse of the Croatian 1000 kuna banknote, issued in
The Tomb of
Cardinal Alojzije Stepinac in the Zagreb Cathedral
(The Tomb was made by sculptor Hrvoje Ljubic)
| DID YOU KNOW?
was mentioned for the first time in writing in 1094, in a
charter issued by King Ladislas I by which he founded the Zagreb
Bishopric. The charter testifies to the existence of a much older
settlement in these area, so it may well be assumed that the city's
history goes back more than a thousand years.
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